By Deane Barker

This commonly refers to a diplomat that has the full signing power and authority of their government. They can agree to treaties with other nations.

This position/title was more important before instant communication. Before long-distance, real-time communication was possible, the foreign representatives of a government might be incommunicado for months at a time, so they needed some amount of authority and self-governance.

Why I Looked It Up

Found in a passage about premature news of the signing of the armistice that ended World War 1.

…a telegram reached Howard from the United Press office in Paris: “Armistice report untrue. War Ministry issues absolute denial and declares enemy plenipotentiaries to be still on way through lines.”


Added on

From a biographical sketch of diplomat George Bancroft:

Appointed minister plenipotentiary to Prussia by President Andrew Johnson in 1867…


Added on

It was used a couple of times in the spy novel Eurostorm:

With great drama, Frau Magrid said, “May I present Herr General Wather Schellenberg, […] special-plenipotentiary of the Third Reich!”

In this case, some people were trying to recreate the Nazi Party, so they were separated more by time than distance.

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