Why the "Saxon" part?
This technically refers to the English people of the Middle Ages.
Saxony is a German state. The “Saxons” of the Middle Ages were seafaring people, like the Vikings of Scandinavia. Some of them migrated to England, where they combined with the “Anglos” of that region (who had also migrated from Germany). This group was the largest cultural population of the English Middle Ages.
Anglo-Saxon has since become a vague term, generally meaning “the people descended from white, English-speaking Europeans.”
Why I Looked It Up
I’ve heard the term for years, but I kept running across it in several history books, and finally decided to look it up.